Now showing items 11-20 of 3159

    • Revista CEPAL no. 138 

      Documento actualizado el 15 de febrero de 2023.
    • The Argentine automotive chain since the convertibility crisis: an analysis of its evolution and principal problems (2002–2019) 

      Perez Almansi, Bruno (2022-08)
      The aim of this article is to analyse the main characteristics of the Argentine automotive sector and its performance during the first part of the twenty-first century. The article begins by describing the essential aspects of the links in the chain. It then provides a brief historical overview of the Argentine automobile industry from its beginnings ...
    • Supply, demand and economic growth in Mexico in the period 1980–2016 

      Marquez, Marco (2022-08)
      Economic growth is produced by stimuli arising from supply and demand. On the supply side, growth depends on the accumulation of factors and their productivity. On the demand side, it is determined by government consumption, investment and spending and net exports. Input-output tables can be used to explain the contributions made by the growth of the ...
    • Inequalities and participation in the digital society: online experiences among children and adolescents in Brazil and Chile 

      Trucco, Daniela | Cabello, Patricio | Claro, Magdalena (2022-08)
      This paper presents a comparative analysis of the Global Kids Online research network data from Brazil and Chile in 2016 relating to children’s digital access, uses and skills. Results show that high-frequency users tend to be from higher socioeconomic groups. Girls and higher-income children perceive higher levels of risk on the Internet. The most ...
    • Production and enterprise profitability in Ecuador’s crop-growing sector 

      Arboleda, Xavier | Bermúdez-Barrezueta, Natalia | Camino-Mogro, Segundo (2022-08)
      This article analyses the key determinants of enterprise profitability in Ecuador’s crop-growing sector in 2007–2017. It presents data showing that productivity has a positive effect on the profitability of the firms in the sector, which suggests that higher productivity confers a competitive advantage that is reflected in higher profit levels. In ...
    • Firm-level innovation, government policies and the middle-income trap: insights from five Latin American economies 

      Paus, Eva | Robinson, Michael (2022-08)
      Latin American economies need higher productivity to escape from the middle-income trap. This article analyses the drivers of innovation at the firm level, which is a critical driver of productivity growth. The article estimates a two-stepmodel where firm characteristics affect firm engagement with innovation inputs, and such engagement then generates ...
    • The systemic nature of technological development: similarities between the neo-Schumpeterian school and Fernando Fajnzylber’s approach 

      Ipiranga, Andrey Hamilka | Bittencourt, Pablo Felipe (2022-08)
      This article seeks to draw connections between Fernando Fajnzylber’s approach and certain elements of the neo-Schumpeterian systemic approach to innovation, to show that there is longstanding discussion of many of the ideas underlying the development of both approaches in a variety of contexts. The results of the analysis revealed six similar features: ...
    • Economic complexity and human development: comparing standard and slack-based data envelopment analysis models 

      Ferraz, Diogo | Moralles, Herick Fernando | Costa, Naijela Silveira da | Nascimento, Daisy do (2022-08)
      Several studies have argued economic complexity is an alternative way to understand well-being. There is a growing literature using standard data envelopment analysis (DEA), but we did not find studies comparing them with more advanced models, such as slack-based measure (SBM), or considering economic sophistication as an input in human development. ...
    • Effects of higher commodity prices on exports of manufactures: the case of Brazil 

      Cunha, André Moreira | Lélis, Marcos Tadeo Caputi | Bredow, Sabrina Monique Schenato (2022-08)
      This study seeks to determine whether the increased earnings of Brazil’s trading partners that benefited from the boom in commodity prices during the 2000s spurred Brazilian exports of manufactures to those countries. It begins with the hypothesis that there is a positive link between Brazil’s exports of manufactured goods and the increased revenues ...
    • Commodity prices and capital movement phenomena in emerging economies 

      Farias, Eliene de Sá | Mattos, Leonardo Bornacki de | Vieira, Fabrício de Assis Campos (2022-08)
      The different fluctuations recorded in the balance of payments of emerging economies reflect the vulnerability of these economies, dependent as they are on the balance of capital and trade flows. This study analyses the relationship between commodity prices and some capital movement phenomena in a group of selected emerging economies. Probit and ...